Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi and His Major Contributions to Science
Mansour Nasiri Khalaji


Muhammad ibn Musa
Al Khwarizmi

How to Cite

Nasiri Khalaji, M. (2017). Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi and His Major Contributions to Science. Turkbilim International Journal of Social Sciences, (1). Retrieved from


Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi was born around 780 AD and died 850 AD, a mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, geographer and historian in the era of the Abbasids Caliphate. His nickname refers to the city of Khwarazm, which is south of the Central Aral Sea and part of the current Republic of Uzbekistan. His scientific reputation is related to the work he has done in mathematics, especially in the field of algebra, so that no mathematicians of the middle ages thought mathematics like he did, therefore called him father of algebra. George Sarton, the famous historian of science, in his famous book Introduction to the History of Science calls the ninth century AD as the Khwarizmi Era. While Khwarizmi is a mathematician of the medieval age, his works and compilations are still in use and has been translated into many languages. He was the best in solving linear and quadratic equations. The term "algebra" has been taken by Europeans in general from the Khwarizmi's book and today's term Algorithm is derived from his name Al-Khwarizmi.


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